A project of the Afterschool Alliance.

Activity Types and Frequent Attendance in Michigan 21st Century Community Learning Centers Linked to Improved Academic Performance

Year Published: 2015

An evaluation of more than 16,000 students participating in Michigan’s 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) during the 2013-14 school year. Regular participants saw improvements in their math and reading grades, homework completion, school day behavior, and attendance rates. The evaluation also found that the students’ math grades, teachers’ reports of homework completion and school behavior, students’ attendance and behavior in school, and students’ reports of their commitment to school all saw improvements the more total days they participated in program, starting at a minimum of 20 days.

Program Name: Michigan’s 21st CCLC program

Program Description: Michigan’s 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) program—which receives federal funding through the 21st CCLC initiative—serves high-need communities across the state, providing afterschool and summer programming designed to support students’ performance in a variety of areas including, but not limited to, academics, engagement in school, and behavior at school. During the 2013-14 school year, 29,297 students in grades kindergarten through 12th grade were served by 40 grantees operating a total of 313 centers.

Scope of the Evaluation: Statewide

Program Type: Afterschool

Location: Michigan

Program Demographics: Forty-eight percent of participants were African-American, 33 percent were white, 13 percent were Hispanic, three percent were Middle Eastern, and three percent designated as “other.” Eighty-three percent of participating youth qualified for the free or reduced-price lunch program.

Program Website: http://www.michigan.gov/mde/0,4615,7-140-6530_6809-39974--,00.html

Evaluator: Wu, J. Michigan State University.

Evaluation Methods: This evaluation includes information on a total of 16,326 participants throughout the 2013-2014 school year. Data was collected through 10,354 teacher surveys, 7,037 student surveys, and 5,592 parent surveys.

Evaluation Type: Non-experimental

Summary of Outcomes: The evaluation of Michigan’s 21st CCLC program reported that students in the program experienced academic gains, with teachers also reporting improvements among 21st CCLC program participants. Students who participated in the 21st CCLC programs for at least 20 days saw significant increases in math and those participating for 90 or more days saw improvements in reading. Teachers reported significant improvements in homework completion and school behavior for students who participated in the program for at least 40 days.

The evaluation also found that students saw improvements in their school day attendance and behavior in school. Based on school records, the evaluation found significant increases in school day attendance rates and decreases in suspensions for students who participated in the programs for a minimum of 20 days.

Greater gains were seen as students’ participation in the programs increased. Students’ math grades, teachers’ reports of homework completion and school behavior, students’ attendance and behavior in school, and students’ reports of their commitment to school all saw greater improvement the more days they participated in program, starting at a minimum of 20 days.

Associated Evaluation: https://cerc.msu.edu/upload/documents/21stCCLC-Program-highlights_2.pdf

Date Added: December 19, 2016